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Hong Kong

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In brief This recent Court of First Instance judgment ([2023] HKCFI 2932) is another unsuccessful judicial review against the decision of the Listing Review Committee (LRC) of The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited to impose disciplinary sanctions on two independent non-executive directors (INED) (“Applicants”) of a listed company (“ListCo”). These applications remain to be an uphill battle. In June 2023, the LRC upheld the Listing Committee’s decision that the Applicants should be publicly censured…

In brief A recent decision by the Court of First Instance in Re Gatecoin Limited[1] ruled that cryptocurrencies are “property” and are capable of being held on trust. This is a welcomed decision, clarifying the nature of cryptocurrencies and the interests of investors when depositing cryptocurrencies with exchanges. Key takeaways The decision affirms the proprietary nature of cryptocurrencies in Hong Kong. The decision has significant implications for players in the cryptocurrency market: The decision offers greater…

In brief The long overdue “Mainland Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters (Reciprocal Enforcement) Bill” (“RE Bill”) was passed by the Hong Kong Legislative Council on 26 October 2022. The RE Bill implements the “Arrangement on Reciprocal Recognition and Enforcement of Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters by the Courts of the Mainland and of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region”, which was signed between the Supreme People’s Court of the Mainland and the HKSAR…

In brief In one of the first cases in Hong Kong in which the court has granted freezing injunctions over bitcoins, the Court of First Instance has now handed down judgment in the trial of Nico Constantijn v Stive Jean-Paul Dan [2022] HKCFI 1254. The court held that the defendant acted as the plaintiff’s sales agent in respect of the plaintiff’s bitcoins. The court found the defendant had breached his fiduciary duties in failing to account to…

In brief The Hong Kong court has delivered an important judgment on the interpretation of Rule 2.10 of the Takeovers Code and provided practical guidance on the types of court meeting that may be approved for privatisation of a Hong Kong incorporated company pursuant to a scheme of arrangement under the Companies Ordinance and the Takeovers Code. In view of the pandemic-related travel restrictions, the Court also directed a hybrid court meeting, allowing overseas shareholders…

From a civil litigation and insolvency perspective, we look at the key impacts of the Hong Kong Courts’ recent General Adjournment of Proceedings (GAP) from 7 March 2022 to 11 April 2022 and related governmental closures. Key Takeaways 1. The recent implementation of GAP has resulted in a de facto stay of new actions and proceedings, and adjournment of existing actions, including bankruptcy and winding-up petitions. 2. While monitoring the GAP situation, debtors and creditors…

In Brief The Hong Kong Judiciary continued to further expand the scope of remote hearings and issued various guidance notes and guidelines to facilitate the operation of remote hearings since its first initiative during the General Adjournment Period (GAP) in 2020.[1] In response to the fifth wave of COVID-19 in early 2022, the Judiciary implemented the second GAP on 7 March 2022 and issued its latest guidance note dated 25 March 2022 on hearing outside…

In Brief Cyber fraud remains a significant risk to businesses and individuals. In the 11 months to November 2021, over 500 phishing scams, worth more than HKD 1.4 billion in losses, were reported to the Hong Kong Police. The Police have been developing and will soon launch a free software to assist businesses in identifying phishing scams.[1] On 30 December 2021, the Hong Kong Court of First Instance handed down an important judgment in Tam Sze Leung…

Since 1 December 2021, the Rules of the High Court (Cap. 4A) (“RHC”) and the Rules of the District Court (Cap. 336H) (“RDC”) have been amended to abolish the fraud exception rule (“Amendment Rules”). The amendments have enlarged the scope of summary judgment to cover an action begun by writ (“Writ Action”), which includes a claim based on an allegation of fraud. Upon the implementation of the legislative changes, a party with a claim based…

On 29 September 2021, the Sale of Goods (United Nations Convention) Ordinance (Cap. 641) (“Ordinance”) was passed by the Legislative Council and will come into operation on a day to be appointed by the Secretary for Justice by notice published in the Gazette. Following the passing of the Ordinance, it is anticipated that the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (“Convention”) will have the force of law in Hong Kong…